6226 3632Clinics

Treatment: Electrotherapy or Electro Physical Agents (EPA)

Electrotherapy or Electro Physical Agents (EPA)  is one component of physiotherapy treatment techniques or modalities. Some examples of EPA are

  • Therapeutic Ultrasound frequency used typically from 0.7 to 3.3 MHz. Therapeutic ultrasound has to two desired effects. The first is the thermal (heat) effects as the tissues (primarily by connective tissue: ligaments, tendons, and fascia ) absorb energy. The thermal effect encourages blood flow that aid in tissue repair and ease muscle tension. The second is the cavitational effects from microscopic air bubbles that form. The formation and collapse of these microscopic air bubble cause vibrations that stimulates cell membranes. This physical stimulation appears to enhance the cell-repair effects of the inflammatory response.
  • TENS or Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation currently is one of the most commonly used forms of electroanalgesia. It works by:
    1. On a high frequency, by selectively stimulating certain ‘non-pain’ nerve fibres to send signals to the brain that block other nerve signals carrying pain messages.
    2. On low frequencies, by stimulating the production of endorphins, natural pain-relieving hormones.
  • EMS (Electrical Muscle Stimulation) or NMES (Neuro-Muscular Electrical Stimulation) affects muscle contraction through electrical impulses. It helps prevent muscles atrophy from disuse.



You can easily request for a physiotherapy clinic or fitness appointment through any of the 3 convenient ways below with your preferred date, time and clinic location. Our staff will be happy to help allocate you to the first available appointment slot that best fits your convenience.

contact us phone
via Telephone

Call our clinic central-line at +65 6226 3632

contact us sms
via SMS

SMS your name, preferred date, time and clinic location to +65 9232 2661

contact us email
via Email or Online Form

Email your preferred physiotherapy appointment slot to enquiry@coreconcepts.com.sg or

Core Concepts Physiotherapy