Useful articles, handouts and checklists for download

Arched back posture
Dos & Don’ts – The Arched Back Posture
Apr 2016

Arched back posture

In this infographic, learn more about what causes the arched back posture, what you should do and avoid to prevent this poor posture type.

Downloadable link: here

Oswestry Disability Questionnaire
Oct 2012

The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) is an index derived from the Oswestry Low Back Pain Questionnaire used by clinicians and researchers to quantify disability for low back pain.

Neck Disability Questionnaire
Jan 2012

The Neck Disability Questionnaire is a modification of the Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire . It is a patient-completed, condition-specific functional status questionnaire with 10 items including pain, personal care, lifting, reading, headaches, concentration, work, driving, sleeping and recreation.

Knee Pain: Fat Pad Irritation or Hoffa’s Syndrome
Dec 2011

Fat pad irritation (Hoffa’s syndrome) is a condition that falls under the broad umbrella of knee dysfunction leading to anterior knee pain. It is a potential source of pain referral to the anteromedial knee and a source of pain in knee osteoarthritis.

Is Traction Effective in Treating Neck and Back Pains? The jury is still out.
Nov 2011

Today while not done in the same manner, traction remains a popular treatment modality for the management of spinal complaints. It is common for patients to attend physiotherapy clinics requesting traction, doctors to refer patients suggesting that the individual may benefit from a course of traction, and hospital-based physiotherapy sessions to consist of weekly sessions of mechanical traction.

Missed upper thoracic syndrome
Nov 2011

Musculoskeletal problems stemming from the upper thoracic spine are often missed or misdiagnosed as cervical in nature, by both physiotherapists and medical professionals alike. This leads to partial or non resolution of the client’s symptoms, leaving the health professional confounded and client helpless and frustrated. This article discusses how this may happen and looks at the diagnosis and management of a client who had both cervical and thoracic problems, but presented like a cervical disc lesion.

Office Ergonomics or The Lack of It
Sep 2011

A large number of people who seek medical help for their musculoskeletal problems usually present with neck, shoulder and back pains. These clients are often deskbound at work and with the increase use of computers, it is no wonder the incidence of spinal pains is on the rise.

Back to Sports: Advanced Knee Rehabilitation
Aug 2011

Knee Injury is one of the most common injuries sustained in sports. It can be in the form of meniscal or ligamentous injury, the most notorious being the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tear. As a result of such injuries, athletes often get frustrated as they are unable to perform at their best or even engage in the sport itself. More often than not, athletes do not manage their injuries well and many will attempt to return to sports much earlier than optimal and usually end up worse than before.

R.I.C.E.R What to do
Jul 2011

Sports Injury Management: The First 72 hours - what to do

Rest the injured area for 48-72 hours. Movement of the injured part will increase blood flow and bleeding to the injury site, may cause the blood clot to dislodge, and begin bleeding again and may cause more tissue damage.

Ice. Apply ice or cold therapy to the injured area for 15-20minutes every two hours. Avoid direct ice contact to the skin to prevent cold burns. Ice decreases swelling and pain.

Compression. Apply firm, elastic, non-adhesive bandage to the area. Maybe done in conjunction as an ice compress. Reduces swelling and bleeding at the injury site.

Elevate the injured area above the heart level. For example for an ankle injury, when lying down, raise the ankle slightly above the body with a pillow. Elevation decreases bleeding, swelling and pain.

Refer to see a doctor or physiotherapist for an accurate definitive diagnosis. You may need continued management (including anti-inflammatory medication) and prescription of a rehabilitation programme.

H.A.R.M – What not to do
Jul 2011

Sports Injury Management: The First 72 hours - what NOT to do

Sports Injury Management: The first 72 hours - what NOT to do

Heat. Don’t apply heat or deep heat creams as it increases bleeding.

Alcohol. Don’t consume alchohol as it increases swelling.

Run. Don’t run or exercise as exercising too soon can make the injury worse.

Massage. Don’t massage the injured area as it will increases swelling and bleeding.

Core Concepts