Frequently Asked Questions on Tennis Elbow
Tennis Elbow refers to the inflammation of the tendons of the elbow caused by overuse of the forearm. In a chronic stage, the common tendon degenerates and is weak in tensile strength, it usually presents as a dull ache.
What are the common symptoms of Tennis Elbow?
What causes Tennis Elbow?
Diagnosing Tennis Elbow
Treating Tennis Elbow
Tennis Elbow - Does it require surgery?
Tennis Elbow - How serious is it?
Preventing Tennis Elbow
- By adopting proper loading mechanics
- Techniques in playing sports
- Proper strengthening in wrist extensors
- Progressive return back to sports such as tennis
Q1: What are the common symptoms of Tennis Elbow?
Common symptoms include pain and tenderness on outer (lateral) part of the elbow. You should experience pain when extending wrist and pain on gripping.back to top
Q2: What causes Tennis Elbow?
Tennis Elbow is usually injury from repetitive stress caused by overuse. It could be caused by any activity that strains the muscles around the elbow. Such as weightlifting, painting, cooking and of course, racquet sports such as tennis and squash.back to top
Q3: Diagnosing Tennis Elbow
The common methods used to diagnose Tennis Elbow includes testing for grip strength using a dynanometer, an instrument used for measuring the force of muscular contractions. Other series of tests such as Mill’s test, Maudsley’s test, Cozen’s test measure the straightening of fingers and wrist against a resistance, and the level of pain reproduced on the lateral side of the elbow.back to top
Q4: Treating Tennis Elbow
Tennis elbow can be treated via a variety of methods such as:
Physiotherapy: Gradual progressive strengthening of extensor muscles in forearm, soft tissue release of flexors muscles in forearm, activity modification for a start to ensure no excessive stress over extensors.
Injections and medication: Corticosteroidal jabs, Plasma rich platelets injection. Anti-inflammatory medications in acute stage.back to top
Q5: Tennis Elbow - Does it require surgery?
If all conservative methods fail then surgery may be considered. Do consult a medical expert for advice.back to top
Q6: Tennis Elbow - How serious is it?
The severity of tendon damage caused by Tennis Elbow depends on the stage of progression:
Acute: typically pain that has lasted less than 3 months. The main aim at this stage would be to to reduce inflammation. In the acute stage, the pain should take less than a week to subside.
Chronic: typically pain that has lasted more than 3 months may be in tendon dysrepair stage. Aches can last for 3 month to 6 months in a chronic stage.back to top
Q7: Preventing Tennis Elbow
Tennis Elbow can be prevented by the following precautions: