Spondylitis, a common cause of back and neck pain, is an inflammation of the vertebral joints. There are several types of spondylitis:
- Cervical Spondylitis – affecting the neck
- Lumbar Spondylitis – affecting the lower back and
A less common form of spondylitis is Ankylosing Spondylitis, an autoimmune disease
While spondylitis appears to be partially genetically influenced, the more common causes are pressures and strain impacting on the joint. These pressures may arise from either certain types of activities that place heavy loads on the neck or work environments that encourage awkward positions of the head that leads to an uneven distribution of the load through the cervical spine.
Pain and stiffness are one of the earliest presentations of spondylitis. Other symptoms include:
- Chronic or episodic pain and stiffness in the neck and shoulder region
- The pain tends to get worse over a period of time
- There may be periods initially when the pain disappears completely; later as the disease advances the pain may remain persistent
- Pain may radiate (travel) from neck to shoulders, arms, forearms, hands, the lower part of the head, upper back
- Coughing, sneezing, other movements of the neck may worsen symptoms
- Along with pain, there may be abnormal sensations (tingling numbness), loss of sensation, weakness in any of the above regions
- There may be non-specific headaches in the lower part of the back of the head
- The sensation of loss of balance
- Loss of control over the bladder or bowels (if the spinal cord is compressed)
- Occasionally there may be atypical pain presenting as chest pain or breast pain (false angina)
Related and Popular Articles
- Snapping Ankle - Physiotherapy
- Labour Epidural Cause Chronic Backache?
- The Best Exercises for Trochanteric Bursitis
- Posterior Pelvic Pain (Sacroiliac Joint Pain) in Pregnant Women
- How do I know if I have scoliosis?
- Diastasis Recti Abdominis - Conditions
- Cobb Angle and Scoliosis
- Maybe it isn't Plantar Fasciitis but Heel Fat Pad Syndrome
- What to do when your back hurts so much that you can't get out of bed?
- Multifidus - Smallest Yet Most Powerful Muscle
- Nerve Stretches
- Shoulder Pain - Frequently Asked Questions
- 'Clunking' Shoulders - Part I
- Waking up with neck pain? Find the right pillow.
- Not All Pain In the Back Is Back Pain - It Could Be Rib Pain
- MCL strain not getting better? Because it is Pes Ancerinus Tendinitis.
- Slipped Disc in Singapore - What to Do and Avoid
- Better to break a bone than to tear a ligament or tendon
- Knee Joint & Ankle Pain - Specialist Treatment in Singapore
- Acromion Clavicle Joint - Another source of shoulder pain
- Sway Back No More
- Knock Knees - Can I reverse it? (Part 1)
- Sway back posture: A leading poor posture type causing back pain
- Posterior Capsule stretches