Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain – Mechanical and Degenerative Causes

Table of Contents

Related Articles

Low Back Pain (LBP) or sometimes referred to as lumbago, is one of the most common musculoskeletal ailment facing us today.

A survey conducted by the Back Society of Singapore found that over the previous 6 months prior to the survey, 18% or 1 in 5 adults had suffered an episode of neck or back pain. 50% of back pain sufferers had experienced an attack at least once a month or more frequently.

Low Back Pain

Unfortunately, from a relative perspective, the 99% of lower back pain stems from benign musculoskeletal problems such as muscle or soft tissue sprains and strains. Therefore, these cases are referred to as non specific low back pain.



Low back pain caused by spinal degeneration and injury.

Generally, back pain often develops without a cause that your doctor can identify with a test or an imaging study. Hence, conditions commonly linked to back pain include:

  • Muscle or ligament strain. Repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments. If you’re in poor physical condition, constant strain on your back can cause painful muscle spasms.
  • Bulging or ruptured disks. Disks act as cushions between the bones (vertebrae) in your spine. The soft material inside a disk can bulge or rupture and press on a nerve. However, you can have a bulging or ruptured disk without back pain. Disk disease is often found incidentally when you have spine X-rays for some other reason.
  • Arthritis. Osteoarthritis can affect the lower back. In some cases, arthritis in the spine can lead to a narrowing of the space around the spinal cord, a condition called spinal stenosis.
  • Osteoporosis. Your spine’s vertebrae can develop painful fractures if your bones become porous and brittle.

Experiencing back pain? Click here to find out more about physiotherapy for back pain relief and how Core Concepts can help