6226 3632Clinics

What kind of taping do I need?

Taping or strapping is commonly used in the sporting community and the effects and roles are widely understood and accepted. In recent years, taping has evolved beyond restricting the range of motion of a joint to prevent a recurring injury by stabilizing the structure with an external support. There are now techniques like Kinesio Taping and Functional Fascial Taping, which has become more popular and more well-accepted in the sports scene.

A commonality in all three taping techniques is that taping in itself is thought to enhance the proprioception or kinaesthetic feedback. This improved feedback enables the muscles to “fire” more appropriately as postulated in the earlier activation of VMO when a lateral tracking patella in clients with patello-femoral joint pain, is taped in a more neutral position. Another benefit of improved feedback can also enhance the awareness of the joint position so that a feed forward action of muscle contraction can occur prior to a re-injury. An example would be placing a simple piece of rigid tape on the outer side of an ankle while getting them to balance on a wobble board. The strip of tape would provide the information that inversion is occurring, hence the peroneal muscles would be activated to prevent this movement, averting a re-injury.

Restrictive taping: What and When

Restrictive taping as the name suggest, is to restrict range of motion of a particular joint. This can be for one direction or multi direction, depending on the direction and degree of instability. This type of taping is used to protect unstable joints, where repeated or severe ligament damage has resulted in the stretching of the ligaments and/or joint capsule, thus leading to joint laxity. In such cases, an elastic brace will not provide enough support as the brace “gives” and will not limit the joint from moving into the unstable range.

Restrictive taping is most commonly used when the athlete is recovering from a ligament or muscle strain. The tape acts as an external support to prevent the joint from going into the end range of the movement that would cause pain. The most common areas that this form of taping is used are ankle, shoulder and knees.

Kinesio Taping

Kinesio taping was popularized in the 2008 Olympics where a lot of the swimmers, runners and jumpers were having these colorful and fancy looking tapes pasted on them. Some even thought that it was a fashion statement. However, the real history of Kinesio taping started in Japan, some 25years ago by Dr Kenzo Kase. The method of taping uses a uniquely designed and patented tape for the treatment of muscular disorders and lymphedema reduction. The use of the tape was to assist and give support to prevent over contraction of the muscle or to help decrease swelling. This enables the tape to help speed up the rate of healing for injured muscles.

Functional fascial taping (FFT)

Functional fascial taping was developed by Ron Alexander, an Australian remdial massage therapist who worked with the Australian ballet. Whilst he found the restrictive taping useful in preventing the recurrence in injury, it was not functional for his ballerinas as they required a full range of movement of their injured joints/muscles to perform their dance. Hence, FFT was created to allow the continuation of functional range and activity without pain. Most musculoskeletal conditions are multifactorial in nature, and pain can be a hurdle in a successful rehabilitation. FFT provides physiotherapists with another tool to manage their clients’ pain and increase compliance.

Essentially, FFT affects the connective tissues. When tape is applied, it applies a sustained load on to the fascia in a direction that allows the muscles under the fascia to glide better. This has been observed on ultrasound. The direction of tape applied is guided by the direction of load that reduces the pain. Anecdotally, it is also found that if the tape is applied appropriately, pain disappears and the range of motion increases with the functional activity. The latter is likely due to the increase muscle gliding with FFT. As with many techniques, the physiological reasons for their effects are still largely unknown although research is still being done.

FFT can be applied on any area of the body and does not need to be on a joint. FFT has been greatly applied in dance medicine but in recent years have migrated to be extensively used in the area of sports. However, the usage of FFT has been generally limited to rehabilitation where pain would inhibit the proper activation of muscles. Though such techniques have been employed to help athletes go about their sport with no pain, it is not recommended for frequent use as it doesn’t solve the problem.


Taping is a great adjunct to getting us back to sports if applied properly. However, please discuss with your therapist whether you are ready to get back to sports following your injury. It’s always safer to complete your rehabilitation and taping can be used to slowly give you the confidence to get back to sports.


  1. Gary B Wilkerson. Biomechanical and neuromuscular effects of ankle taping and bracing. Journal of Athletic training 2002;37(4): 436-445
  2. Gilleard W, Mc Connell J, Parsons D. The effect of patella taping on the onset of vastus medialis obliques and vastus lateralis muscle activity in persons with patellofemoral pain. Phys Ther 1998; 78:25-32
  3. McConnell J. The management of chondromalacia patellae: a long term solution. Aust J Physio 1986; 32: 215-23
  4. Bockrath K, Wooden C, Worrell, et al. Effects of patellar taping on patellar position and perceived pain. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1993; 25: 989-92
  5. Abstracts accepted at the Fascia Research Congress
  6. Functional Fascial Taping real time ultrasound investigation
  7. Functional Fascial Taping for lower back pain: a case report
  8. Efficacy of Functional Fascial Taping for the treatment of non-specific low back pain

Recent Videos

Tone Up With Sanctband Singapore: Resistive Tubing Exercise
Tone Up With Sanctband Singapore: Mini Gym Ball Exercises
Tone Up With Sanctband Singapore: Resistive Exercise Band
Have you tried Facilitated Stretch Therapy?
The Effects of Mobile Devices – The Better Way To Use Your Phone
The Effects of Mobile Devices on Posture
resistive tubing
mini gym ball exercises
resistance band

50 Popular Articles That You May Find Interesting

I went in when i felt a sharp pain in my back that traveled to my left leg. For my first session with Slyvia, she asked me about my nature of the pain i felt and asked me to bend over. Immediately she could tell me what was causing the pain and that it was a small issue, easily fixed over a couple of sessions. There after she massaged the affected area to relieve the tension that was causing the pain. All this was done within a 30min session! After the first session my back was already alot better and i did not feel anymore sharp pain. Slyvia arranged additional massage therapy sessions that she felt i needed. The massage sessions were really good. For 1 hr they are able to get in the problematic areas i never knew i had issues with and massage all the tension out. I felt super relaxed after each session.Slyvia also arranged pilates sessions for me with Rohini to help me with how i was not bending down properly like i should, which was the reason why i felt pain as i was hinging from a particular spot on my back. Rohini was also aware that i have diastasis recti and focused on helping me build up a stronger core which also in turn helps my back. With each sessions it created a greater awareness of my own body and the bad habits that it has. Rohini also gave great advices when i told her i wanted to strengthen my upper back.Everyone in Core Concepts knows exactly what they are doing. It was such a great experience and different services work together brilliantly to help me heal and function properly.
Very professional and caring Therapists. My left foot has been hurting for a month. After 3 sessions, 80% of the pain is gone. I just need one more session and I think I should be fine. Thank you very much.
I had an excellent sports massage by Wan Ling, which was very different from the usual massage I've tried elsewhere. Wan Ling skillfully and systematically loosened every muscle in my upper back and neck over the course of an hour. If anyone is seeking relief from tense muscles, I would highly recommend making an appointment with Wan Ling.
Came to see Xue Ting with a broken shoulder for the last 6 weeks and was impressed with her attentiveness and ability to make me feel me feel comforted in my condition . Very dedicated and good therapist indeed .
They adopt a scientific and personal approach. The therapists put in a lot of effort to diagnose the issue before attending to it. Overall, I would strongly recommend their professionalism and methods.
Really good sports massage! Booking process was efficient too :)
Friendly and really professional service! I immediately felt welcomed the moment I stepped into the clinic! The physio offered me great advice beyond what I had asked, which allowed me to have a deeper understanding as to why I had my issue in the first place. With this kind of service, I would honestly recommend this physio if you are serious about getting better.
Thoughtful and sincere service. Highly recommended!
My mum received her first Apos treatment. We intend to continue until her hip muscles become strong. We believe in the treatment as we saw how amazing it was. The idea was simple. Really love that she can be herself again, for long term. The hip and knee cap operations offers 15yrs. Hence we reject the cost and short-life. My wish is that the treatment cost can be lowered and more are aware of this treatment. God bless and thank you team.
Look for Soo, he is a great physiotherapist . Always communicating and always asking for my feedback. I’m on the right path to recovery all thanks to Soo. Two thumbs up.
Xue Ting has been working on my troublesome QL, hip girdle - basically the whole left lower kinetic chain! She has been patient, strong and cerebral in her approach to my 48 year old compensatory mechanisms. Her strong massage will finish with an assessment of muscle imbalance and poor activation with finally a retraining back to healthy movement.I’m impressed! Thanks Core Concepts!
I went from barely understanding physical therapy for injuries, to highly recommending Core Concepts to friends and family for their aches and pains. Ken was knowledgeable, patient and explained symptoms and consequences in a simple, relatable manner. I hope more people will come to understand how physio is a much better alternative to short-term painkillers.
Ken is really amazing!
The physiotherapist here explained the problem very well and provided me with exercises that helped improved my condition.
I have been experiencing great pain on my shoulder coupled with occasional numbness on my arm. Thanks to Ken Liew, I felt so much relieved after my first session. He was very patient and knowledgeable and had definitely made my 1st visit to a physiotherapy clinic a very memorable one. Thank you so much Ken
I have been experiencing knee pains lately especially walking up and down the stairs. The pain was so bad that I was very concern. I chanced upon CoreConcept on FB and book an appointment with them at Camden Medical Centre. My therapist was Ken Liew, he is very professional and knowledgeable. He did a thorough job to assess my condition. To my surprise I felt immediate relieved on my knee after the first session with him! Amazing! Looking forward to my next session. 😊
Hi I am Sally and I am in my late sixties. I have endured a year of thigh(joint) pains and thought that it must be due to old age. Visited Core Concepts at Novena and after only 2 sessions, my condition improved so much that I was able to climb stairs easily again. THANKS to my Physiotherapist Samuel Ong who is extremely polite, professional and knowledgeable.
I have had several sports related injuries and Core Concepts has saved me and put me "back to new" each times! The therapists are excellent - knowledgeable and professional, and the receptionists (Carol, Adiqah and Rin) are always friendly and helpful. They even give me oreo cookies for my children! :)
A very friendly and professional physiotherapist as well as receptionist within the clinic. Jordan Cave is very patient to help my right knee to recover.
Highly recommended for sports massage
Extremely friendly staff and therapists! Folks Novena Square are just simply smiley and happy. Coming here towards the end of the work day always brings up my mood. Therapist and coach are fabulous. My condition improve so much that I can even start to train up some of my predominately unrealized problems. Highly recommended!
I go to Novena and Cheryl is my therapist. She was upfront from the get go about my neck condition. I liked her honesty and said we'll give it a try. I was better after 4 weekly sessions and continued to go to her every 2 weeks. With her help I am in a better condition, had to put in effort on the exercises she taught me as well.
Li Hoong is a very dedicated sports massage therapist and functional trainer. Her ultimate goal is the client's holistic well-being. Highly recommend.
i have tried different physiotherapy sessions with almost 10 physiotherapists in india and in Singapore, my back pain was treated well by CHERYLL, with God's grace , i was pain free only after Cheryll attended to me. Thank you Cheryll and core concepts for the great experience.
I am working with Yiren on my knee after my ACL/MCL reconstruction and recovery has been good! He does a thorough job to assess my progress each session and challenges me to push myself to get to various milestones. He's extremely friendly and helpful despite my many questions. Thanks!
After many different physio and massage sessions in different places, my experience with the core concepts team has been the best. I started seeing them for sports massage, and now for my knee rehab. The level of care and attention makes me want to do more for myself. Isn't this most important when one tend to slack off with the prescribed exercises?
Very friendly and professional physiotherapist as well as receptionists within the clinic. Dr. Issac Wong is easy to approach and came up with alternative ways for me to strengthen my weak thigh muscles and it really helped in reducing my knee pain! Thanks :)
The best physiotherapist ever. Cheryl is really good. Doesn't shortchange me of time and make sure I feel better before she lets me go. The front desk staff are great too. Very accomodating and friendly. Thank you Carol and Farrah. Only thing if they can give instructions to how to go to their place will be great. Usually only unit number but do give some details like mrt exits and directions to lift and such will be excellent. Coz I almost got lost in 2 different places. Overall still love core concept because of Cheryl! Thank you Cheryl!!
Found out about Core Concepts last year through social media and made an appointment as i was experiencing some neck and shoulder discomfort after a traffic accident. My therapist was evidently experienced and was able to pinpoint the cause of my aches. The one thing i loved about my experience at Core Concepts is that they are not like typical physiotherapists who simply prescribe take home exercises, instead my therapist was extremely hands on, helping me to massage my neck at the right spots to relief the stiffness - best massage ever! Would highly recommend Core Concepts!!
Easily the best physio clinic I've been to.
The only physio clinic i trust! A unique approach to treating pains, you simply have to try it out for yourself. Have recommended many friends and family and core concepts has not disappointed. Thumbs up!!!
From the reception to the therapist, they are friendly and nice. I was taught on a 2 steps stretching to strengthen my leg muscles that I can do it myself daily and It did help :) Will recommend to anyone who wish to have therapy sessions.
Knowledgeable and brilliant!
-emails with advertisement and birthday wishes came, but they didn't think that their customer (with 4/10 sessions remaining in his package) would have expected a reminder of ANY kind if his package was already expiring. I asked the clerk from my last visit how many sessions I had remaining, and she told me 4, with no update on the expiry at all. -assumed I wanted a physiotherapy (PT) appointment when my past SMS have always been for sports massage (SM); whenever I asked for "available slots", they would give me the slots for SM. yet they suddenly gave me the list of available slots for PT ytd. I'm also to blame for not verifying and reading their long SMS carefully.-their masseuse is very good though, skilful and respectful. They ask important questions to understand their client before starting on the SM. I'd still return even though the administrative process is lacking.

You can easily request for a physiotherapy or fitness appointment through any of the 3 convenient ways below with your preferred date, time and clinic location. Our staff will be happy to help allocate you to the first available appointment slot that best fits your convenience.

via Telephone

Call our central-line at
+65 6226 3632

via SMS

SMS your name, preferred date, time and clinic location to +65 9232 2661

via Email or Online Form

Email your preferred physiotherapy appointment slot to enquiry@coreconcepts.com.sg or

Physiotherapy & Functional Wellness