Are you ready to get back to work?
Who do you know if you are well enough to get to work? Or as an employer, if your employee is ready after workplace incident? In 2012, the Workplace Safety and Health Council in Singapore revised their guidelines for Occupational Diseases. One of the key approaches on preventing injuries is not to place your employees in a situation beyond their ability to cope with. The way to avoid such situations is for the employees to undergo a Functional Capacity Evaluation.
Functional Capacity Evaluation
Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) is a systematic method of measuring an individual’s ability to perform meaningful tasks on a safe and dependable basis. A FCE program is designed for employees:
- Who have suffered injuries that could affect their employment opportunities or
- Whose current functional abilities and limitations need to be determined
FCE includes all impairments, not just those that result in physical functional limitations. In general, the purpose of FCE is to collect information about the functional limitations of a person with medical impairment. Beyond this general purpose, functional capacity evaluation has three specific purposes.
- Improve the likelihood that the patient will be safe in subsequent job task performance. Routinely, the comparison of a patient’s abilities to a job’s demands is made in an attempt to diminish the risk of re-injury that is associated with a mismatch. Shortfalls in the relationship between the patient’s resources and the environment’s demands result in stress or increased risk for injury. Numerous researchers point to the importance of properly matching the worker’s capacity to the job’s demands.
- Assist the patient to improve role performance through identification of functional decrements so that they may be resolved or worked around.Health care professionals use this information to triage patients into proper treatment programs and to measure treatment progress.
- Determine the presence (and, if present, the degree) of disability so that a bureaucratic or juridical entity can assign, apportion, or deny financial and medical disability benefits
Type of Tests
The basic approach taken by FCE test is to ensure that employee is able to do his job safely and effectively. As FCE is typically used in a more manual work environment such as factory floor or industrial settings, they generally cover two components of functional capacity –
- Strength and flexibility, and
- The range-of-motion of the main joints in the body that is predictive of impaired function to perform daily activities.
With these two components in mind, a specific FCE test is design to match the actual job function of the employee. For example, if the job involves a lot of lifting of items from a specific height to another specific height, FCE will simulate that specific situation and measure the programme candidate’s ability to do the job well repetitively.
Although generally, a standard FCE will cover a gamut of movements and activities found is most job settings but if there is an activity unique to your industry, FCE programmes can be customised.
FCEs can also be used creatively – in reverse. Some employers have re-designed job details in advance of functional capacity limits. Not only in a preventive manner but to maximise throughput. For example, if it is known that the average staff can sustain a certain level of strength for certain number of repetitions, then job or lots sizes can be re-designed to match this number of repetitions between lots to give employee a short micro-instance of a break;